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Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. Science in the Later Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: XIII-XVII. Centuries

Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. - A. C. Crombie - Régikönyvek
Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. - Régikönyvek Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. - Régikönyvek Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. - Régikönyvek Medieval and Early Modern Science Volume II. - Régikönyvek
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Sorozatcím:
A Doubleday Anchor Book
Kiadó:
Anchor Books
Kiadás éve:
1959
Kiadás helye:
New York
Kiadás:
2.
Kötés típusa:
ragasztott papír
Terjedelem:
380
Nyelv:
angol
Méret:
Szélesség: 11.00cm, Magasság: 18.00cm
Kategória:
LIST OF PLATES XV

I SCIENTIFIC METI-IOD AND DEVELOP-
MENTS IN PHYSICS IN THE LATER MID-
DLE AGES
( 1 ) THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD OF THE LATER SCHO-
LASTICS 1
Aristotle, Euclid, and the conception of demon-
stration (1-4). Latin arithmetic and geometry,
Fibonacci, Jordanus (4-9). Form and method
of experimental science: Grosseteste, the rainbow,
mathematics and physics (9-23). Roger Bacon;
laws of nature (23-24). Galen, Paduan school
(24-28). Duns Scotus and Ockham (28-33).
Nicholas of Autrecourt (33-35).
(2 ) MATTER AND SPACE IN LATE MEDIEVAL
PIIYSICS 35
Conceptions4 of dimensions (36-37). Atomism
(37-40). Void (4o-41). Infinity (41-42). Plural
worlds, natural place, gravitation (42-47).
(3) DYNAMICS-TERRESTRIAL AND CELESTIAL 47
Aristotle's dynamics (47-50). Late Greek dy-
namics; Plato; Philoponus (50-53). Arabic dy-
namics: Avicenna, Avempace, Averros (53-
56). Gerard of Brussels, Bradwardine (56-58).
Olivi, Marchia, theories of projectile motion and
free fali, impressed power (58-62). Ockham (62-
66). Buridan, impetus in terrestrial and celestial
dynamics (66-73). Albert of Saxony: projectile


trajectory (73-.75). The motion of the earth: dynamics (134-44); pendulum (144-45); filling

Persian discussions, Nicole Oresme, Albert of bodies (145-54); conservation of momento; pro-

Saxony, Nicholas of Cusa (75-84)• jectiles, principle of inertia (154-58). Cavalieri,

Torricelli, Bruno, Gassendi, Descartes: philoso-
(4) MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS IN THE LATER MID-
phy of science (159-64). Newtonian dynamics
DLE AGES 85
(164-66).
Quantitative representation of change (85-88).

Functions: Bradwardine and Merton College, Ox- (2) ASTRONOMY AND THE NEW MECHANICS 166

ford, `word-algebra' (88-90); intension and remis- Motion of the earth; Copernicus (166-78). Tycho

sion of forms, graphical representation, Oresme Brahe (178-80). Kepler: astronomy, dynamics,

(9o-93). The Mean Speed Rule of Merton Col- metaphysics, comparison with Galileo and Newton

lege; Oresme's proof (93-95). Falling bodies: (18o-82, 182-83). Logarithms, telescope (183-

Albert of Saxony, Domingo de Soto (95-97). 89 ) . Gilbert, magnetism (189-91). Galileo and

Uníts of measurement: time, heat, weight (97- the Church, philosophy of science; Descartes

99). Nicholas of Cusa, Statick Experíments (99- (199-220).

101). Dynamics and astronomy in the 15th cen-

tury: Marliani, Blasius of Parma, Peurbach, Re- (3) PHYSIOLOGY AND THE METHOD OF EXPERIMENT

giomontanus; later scholastic physics (101-3). AND MEASUREMENT 221

(5) THE CONTINUITY OF MEDIEVAL AND 17TH- Galileo, Santorio (221). The circulation of the

CENTURY SCIENCE 103 blood: Harvey and his predecessors; controversies

Humanism and science (103-6). Summary of (221-38). Descartes, mechanism (z 3 8-44 )•

medieval contributions to the scientific movement
(4) THE EXTENSION OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS
(106-9). Continuity and discontinuity: printing OF INSTRUMENTS AND MACHINES
244
of medieval scientific texts (109-14); compari-
son of institutional and philosophical framework Mechanical clock (245). Cartography (246-48).

of medieval and early modern science (114-193. Thennometer (248-49)• Barometer (249-50).

Steam engine (250-51 ). Vacuum (251-52). Tele-

scope and microscope, vision (252-54)• Colour
II THE REVOLUTION IN SCIENTIFIC and the rainbow, Descartes (254-55).

THOUGHT IN THE SIXTEENTH AND
SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES (5) CHEMISTRY 255

Paracelsus, practical chemistry ( z 55-56 ) . Van
(1) THE APPLICATION OF MATHEMATICAL METH- Helmont ( 256-60 ) .Combustion (260-61). At-
ODS TO MECHANICS 121
omism (261-62).
Intellectual, social and economic motives in early
modern science (121-24). Intemal scientific (6) sor= 262

changes: Leonardo da Vinci (124-28); algebra Botany and medicine, humanism, geographical

and geometry (128-30); Tartaglia, Cardano (130- discovery (262-64). Brunfels to Bauhin; illustra-

31); ballistics (131-3z); Benedetti (132-33 ) ; tions (264-66). Cesalpino; `naturar classification;
Stevin (133-34)• Galileo: philosophy of science, Jung (266-69).


(7) ANATOMY AND COMPARATIVE ANIMAL MOR-
PHOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY 269
Art and anatomy; Leonardo da Vinci; geology
(269-72). Anatomy and surgery before Vesalius
(272-74). Vesalius and the Paduan school (274-
76). Zoology and palmontology: Belon and Ron-
delet to Gesner and Aldrovandi (276-79). Em-
bryology: Aldrovandi to Severino; Harvey (279-
84). Theories of disease (284-85).
(8) PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND CONCEPT OF
NATURE IN THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION 285
Francis Bacon: scicntific method, mechanical phi-
losophy, usefulness of science (285-95). Robert
Boyle (295-99). Gali]eo: primary and secondary
qualities; mechanical philosophy (30o-3). Des-
cartes: method in philosophy and in science;
mechanism; mind and body; causation (303-7).
Science and theology (307-20). Philosophy of sci-
ence of scientists: Newton; Huygens (32o-27).
Berkeley, Hume, Buffon, Kant (327-31). Con-
clusion ( 331-33 ) .

NOTES TO ILLUSTRATIONS 335
BIBLIOGRAPHY 337
INDEX 369

Volume I, SCIENCE IN THE MIDDLE AGES:
CENTURIES, consists of the following chapters:
I SCIENCE IN WESTERN CHRISTENDOM UNTIL THE
TWELFTH-CENTURY RENAISSANCE
II THE RECEPTION OF GRECO-ARABIC SCIENCE IN
WESTERN CHRISTENDOM
III THE SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT IN THE
THIRTEENTH CENTURY
IV TECHNICS AND SCIENCE IN THE MIDDLE AGES


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