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The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science

The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science - Edwin Arthur Burtt - Régikönyvek
The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science - Régikönyvek The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science - Régikönyvek The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science - Régikönyvek The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science - Régikönyvek
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Kiadó:
Doubleday Anchor Books
Kiadás éve:
1954
Kiadás helye:
USA
Kötés típusa:
ragasztott papír
Terjedelem:
352
Nyelv:
angol
Méret:
Szélesség: 11.00cm, Magasság: 18.00cm
Kategória:
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 15
(A) The Historical Problem Suggested by the Nature of
Modern Thought 15
(B) The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science the
Key to This Problem 25
CHAPTER COPERNICUS AND KEPLER 36
(A) The Problem of the New Astronomy 36
(B) Metaphysical Bearings of the Pre-Copemican Progress
in Mathematics 41
(c) Ultimate Implications of Copernicus' Step—Revival of
Pythagoreanism 52
(D) Kepler's Early Acceptance of the New World-
Scheme 56
(E) First Formulation of the New Metaphysics—Causality,
Quantity, Primary and Secondary Qualities 63
CHAPTER GALILEO 72
(A) The Science of "Local Motion" 72
(B) Nature as Mathematical Order—Galileo's Method 74
(c) The Subjectivity of Secondary Qualities 83
(D) Motion, Space, and Time 91
(E) The Nature of Causality—God and the Physical World
—Positivism 98
CHAPTER DESCARTES 105
(A) Mathematics as the Key to Knowledge 106
(B) Geometrical Conception of the Physical Universe 111


(c) "Res extensa" and "Res cogitans" 115
(n) The Problem of Mind and Body 121

CHAPTER V: SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ENGLISH
PHILOSOPHY 125
(A) Hobbes' Attack on the Cartesian Dualism 126
(s) Treatment of Secondary Qualities and Causality 130
(c) More's Notion of Extension as a Category of Spirit 135
(D) The "Spirit of Nature" 140
(E) Space as the Divine Presence 143
(E) Barrow's Philosophy of Method, Space, and Time 150

CHAPTER GILBERT AND BOYLE 162
(A) The Non-Mathematical Scientific Current 163
(s) Boyle's Importance as Scientist and Philosopher 167
(c) Acceptance and Defence of the Mechanical World-
View 172
(D) Value of Qualitative and Teleological Explanations 177
(E) Insistence on Reality of Secondary QualitiesCon-
ception of Man 180
(E) Pessimistic View of Human Knowledge—Positivism 185
(G) Boyle's Philosophy of the Ether 189
(H) God's Relation to the Mechanical World 194
(I) Summary of the Pre-Newtonian Development 203

CHAPTER THE METAPHYSICS OF NEWTON 207
Section 1: Newton's,Method 207
(A) The Mathematical Aspect 209
(s) The Empirical Aspect 212
(c) Attack on "Hypotheses" 215
(D) Newton's Union of Mathematics and Experiment 220
Section 2: The Doctrine of Positivism 227
Section 3: Newton's General Conception of the World, and
of Man's Relation tolt 231
Section 4: Space, Time, and Mass 239
(A) Mass 240
(E) Space and Time 244


(c) Criticism of Newton's Philosophy of Space and
Time 256
Section 5: Newton's Conception of the Ether 264
(A) The Function of the Ether 265
(B) Newton's Early Speculations 269
(c) Development of a More Settled Theory 279
Section 6: God—Creator and Preserver of the Order of the
World 283
(A) Newton as Theoloeian 284
(B) God's Present Duties in the Cosmic Economy 291
(c) The Historical Relations of Newton's Theisna 297
CHAPTER VIII: CONCLUSION 303
BIBLIOGRAPHY 329
INDEX 345


Edwin Arthur Burtt

Edwin Arthur Burtt  további könyvei

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Kiadás éve: 1989
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