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The Scenes of Inquiry On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

The Scenes of Inquiry - Nicholas Jardine - Régikönyvek
The Scenes of Inquiry - Régikönyvek The Scenes of Inquiry - Régikönyvek The Scenes of Inquiry - Régikönyvek
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This book advocates a radical shift of concern in philosophical, historical, and sociological studies of the sciences, and explores the consequences of such a shift. The historically-oriented first part of the work deals with the ways in which ranges of questions become real and cease to be real for communities of inquirers. The more philosophically-oriented second part of the work introduces the notion of absolute reality of questions, and addresses doubt about the claims of the sciences to have accumulated absolutely real questions. It is argued that recent studies in the sociology and social history of the science pose strong challenges to the sciences by revealing how appeals to authority, vested interests, and rhetorical and aesthetic sensibilities play substantial roles in the practices of the sciences. The final chapter defends the pragmatic stance of the work, and of its companion, The Fortunes of Inquiry, and draws morals about the roles of criticism and reflection in the philosophy of science and in the sciences themselves.

Kiadó:
Claredon Press
Kiadás éve:
1991
Kiadás helye:
Oxford
Nyomda:
Biddles Ltd
ISBN:
9780198239352
Kötés típusa:
egészvászon kiadói borítóban
Terjedelem:
245
Nyelv:
angol
Méret:
Szélesség: 15.00cm, Magasság: 23.00cm
Kategória:
L. INTRODUCTION: FOCUSING ON OUESTIONS
The Origin of the Present Work 1
The Aims of the Work 2
Metaphysical Assumptions 4
Plan of the Work 5

PART I. LOCAL REALITY
2. SCENES OF NATURAL HISTORY 11
Introduction 11
An Agenda of Natural History 12
Foci of Controversy 17
Blumenbach and the Formative Drive 25
Kant: Tcicology and Mechanism 28
Forays Beyond the Bounds of Scnsc: Herder. Kielmeyer
and Goethe 33
Schelling and Oken: Kingdoms Beyond the Bounds of Sense 43
Shifting Scenes 50
3. LOCAL REALITY AND INTERPRETATION 56
Local Reality 56
Some Difficulties 58
Local Reality and Intelligibility 62
Strengths of our Account of Local Reality 65
Gadamer: Interpretation of Classic Works 68
4. EXPLAINING SCENES 77
Introduction 77
Presuppositions 79
Methodical Commitments 83
Access to Mcthods and Practiccs 90
5. THE ORIGINS OF METHODS 94
Introduction 94
Common Sense 96


Pontifical Disciplines 99
Exemplary Disciplines 103
Genuine Innovation 107
Remote Factors: Sites of Origin and Modes of Diffusion 109
Remote Factors: Stimuli to Changc 114
Conclusion 119
6. LEGITIMATION AND HISTORY 121
Types and Contexts of Legitimation 121
History in the Sciences 124
Strategies of Historical Legitimation 130
Disciplinary Histories: Four Examples 132
7. A NEW HISTORIOGRAPHY 146

PART II. ABSOLUTE REALITY
8. ABSOLUTE REALITY AND DISSOCIATION 155
Absolute Reality 155
Hacking's Challenge 155
Implications of Dissociation 160
Mecting Hacking's Challenge 161
9. THE SOCIOLOGICAL CHALLENGE 168
Introduction 168
Collins: Calibrations Fair and Foul 170
Interest Thcory 177
Networks and Multiple Constraints 185
10. RHETORIC, AESTHETICS AND RELIABILITY 193
Introduction 193
Placing Experiments in Natural Philosophy 196
Discourscs of Chemistry 200
The Challcnge of Literary and Aesthetic Strategics 204
Meeting the Litcrary and Aesthctic Challenge 205
The Very Possibility of a Reliable Acsthetics 208
11. CONC1.USION: BEWARE OF SCIENCE 225
INDEX OFNAMES 241


Nicholas Jardine

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