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A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz

A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz - Frederick C. Copleston - Régikönyvek
A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz - Régikönyvek A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz - Régikönyvek A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz - Régikönyvek A History of Philosophy Volume 4 Modern Philosophy Descartes to Leibniz - Régikönyvek
(0 vélemény)
Sorozatcím:
A Doubleday Image Book
Kiadó:
Image Books
Kiadás éve:
1963
Kiadás helye:
New York
Kötés típusa:
ragasztott papír
Terjedelem:
400
Nyelv:
angol
Méret:
Szélesség: 10.50cm, Magasság: 18.00cm
Kategória:
VI. DESCARTES (5) 147
Man's awareness of freedom—Freedom and Cod—Pro-
visional ethics and moral science—The passions and
their control—The nature of the good—Comments on
Descartes' ethical idcas—General remarlcs about Des-
cartes.

VII. PASCAL 161
Life and spirit of Pascal—The geometrical method, its
scope and limits—'The heart'—Pascal's method in
apologetics—The wretchcdness and the greatness of
man—The wager-arguincnt—Pascal as a philosopher.

VIII. CARTESIANISM 181
The spread of Cartesianism—Geulincx and the prob-
km of interaction.

IX. MALEBRANCHE 187
Life and writings—The senses, the imagination, the
understanding; avoidance of error and attainment of
truth—God as the only true cause—Human liberty-
The vision of eternal truths in Cod—Empirical knowl-
edge of the soul—Knowledge of other minds and of
the existence of bodies—Cod's existence and attrfbutes
—Malebranche in relation to Spinoza, Descartes and
Berkeley—The influence of Malebranche.

X. SPINOZA ( 1) 211
Life—Works—The geometrical method—The influence
of other philosophies on Spinoza's thought—Interpre-
tations of Spinoza's philosophy.

XI. SPINOZA (2 220
Substance and its attributes—Infinite modes—The pro-
duction of finite modcs—Mind and body—The elimina-
tion of final causality.

SPINOZA ( 3 236
Spinoza's levels or degrees of knowledge—Confused ex-
perience; universal ideas; falsity—Scientific knowledge
—Intuitive knowledge.

XIII. SPINOZA (4) 244
Spinoza's intention in his account of human emotions
and conduct—The conatus; pleasure and pain—The de-
rived emotions—Passive and active emotions—Servi-


CONTENTS 7
tude and freedom—The intellectual love of God—The
'eternity' of the human mind—An inconsistency in
Spinoza's ethics.

XIV. SPINOZA (5) 20
Natural right—The foundation of political society-
Sovereignty and government—Relations between States
—Freedom and toleration—Spinoza's influence and dif-
ferent estimates of his philosophy.

XV. LEIBNIZ (1) 270
Life—The De arte combinatoria and the idea of har-
mony—Writings—Different interpretations of Leibniz's
thought.

XVI. LEIBNIZ (2) 279
The distinction between truths of reason and truths
of fact—Truths of reason or necessary propositions-
Truths of fact or contingent propositions—The prin-
ciple of perfection—Substance—The identity of indis-
curnibles—The law of continuity—The 'panlogism' of
Leibniz.

XVII. LEIBNIZ (3) 300
Simple substances or monads—Entelechies and prime
matter—Extension—Body and corporeal substance-
Space and time—The pre-established harmony—Percep-
tion and appetite—Soul and body—Innate ideas.

XVIII. LEIBNIZ (4) 324
The ontological argument—The argument to God's
existence from eternal truths—The argument from
truths of fact—The argument from the pre-established
harmony—The problem of evil—Progress and history.

APPENDIX: A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPIIY 337

NOTES 354

INDEX 372


CONTENTS

PREFACE 9

I. INTRODUCTION 13
Continuity and novelty: the early phase of modern
philosophy in its relation to mediaeval and Renais-
sance thought—Continental rationalism: its nature,
its relation to seepticism and to neo-Stoicism, its de-
velopment—British empiricism: its nature and its de-
velopment—The seventeenth century—The eighteenth
century—Political philosophy—The rise of the philoso-
phy of history—Immanuel Kant.

I. DESCARTES (1 74
Life and works—Descartes' aim—Ilis idea of method-
The theory of innate ideas—Methodic doubt.

II. DESCARTES (2) 100
Cogito, ergo sum—Thinking and the thinker—The cri-
terion of truth—The existence of Cod—The accusation
of a vicious cirele—The explanation of error—The cer-
tainty of mathematics—The ontological argument for
God's existence.

V. DESCARTES (3) 125
The existence of bodies—Substances and thcir princi-
cipal attributes—The relation between mind and body.,,■

. DESCARTES (4) 133
The qualitics of bodies—Descartes and the dogma of
transubstantiation—Space and place—Motion—Dura-
tion and time—The origin of motion—The laws of mo-
tion—The divine activity in the world—Living bodies.


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