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Principles of Political Economy With Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy

Principles of Political Economy - John Stuart Mill, William James Ashley (szerk.) - Régikönyvek
Principles of Political Economy - Régikönyvek Principles of Political Economy - Régikönyvek Principles of Political Economy - Régikönyvek Principles of Political Economy - Régikönyvek
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John Stuart Mill. William James Ashley (szerk.). Principles of Political Economy. With Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy. London, 1917. Longmans, Green & Co. (Spottiswoode, Ballantyne and Co. Ltd.). LIII, 1013, [3] p. (Political Economy, Economics, &c.). Egészvászon.

Political Economy, Economics, &c.
Longmans, Green & Co.
Kiadás éve:
Kiadás helye:
Spottiswoode, Ballantyne and Co. Ltd.
Kötés típusa:
fűzött egészvászon
Szélesség: 13.00cm, Magasság: 20.00cm



CHAPTER I. Of the Requisites of Production

1 1.. Requisites of production, what 22
1. The function of labour defined 23
1. Does nature contribute more to the efficacy of labour in
some occupations than in others ? • . • • . • 25
4. Some natural agents limited, others practically unlimited,
in quantity 26

CHAPTER II. Of Labour as an Agent of Production

I L Labour employed either directly about the thing pro-
duced, or in operations preparatory to its production . 29
I. Labour employed in producing subsistence for subsequent
isbour 31
1. — in producing materials 33
4. — or implements 34
1 — in the protection of labour 36
L 1.1.bour which relates to human beings 39
t. 1.....-:our of invention and discovery 40
S. La.....Nnur agricultural, manufacturing, and coramercial 42

CHAPTER III. Of Unproductive Labour
CuA•rEa VII. Ön what clepends the degree of Productiveness
§ 1. Labour does not produce objects, but utilities . • • 44 of Productive Agents

2. - which aro of three kinds 45
3. Productive labour is that which produces utilities fixed I I. Land, labour, and capital, are of dillerent productivoness
and embodied in material objects 47 at different times and places 101
4. All other labour, however useful, is classed aa unpro- 2. Causes of superior productiveness. Natural advan-
tages 102
ductive 49 3. - greater energy of labour 104
5. Productive and Unproductive Consumption . . . 51 107
6. Labour for the supply of Productive Consumption, and 4. - superior skill and knowledge

labour for the supply of Unproductive Consumption. 52 5. - superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the108 '
community generally
O. - superior security 113

CHAPTER IV. Of Capital

§ 1. Capital is wealth appropriated to reproductive empIoy- CHAPTER VIII. Of Co-operation, or the Combination of Labour
ment 54
2. More capital devoted to production than actually, em- I. Combination of Labour a principal cause of superior
ployed in it 56 productiveness 116
3. Examination of some cases illustrativo of the idea of 2. Effects of separation of employments analyzed . 118
Capital 59 8. Combination of labour between town and country 120
4. The higher degrees of the division of labour . . 122
5. Analysis of its advantages 124
CHAPTER V. Fundamental Propositions respecting Capital O. Limitations of the division of labour 130

§ 1. Industry is limited by Capital 63
2. - but does not always come up to that limit. . . 65 ntArrma IX. 0 f Production on a Large, and Production on a

3. Increase of capital gives increased employrnent to labour, Small Scale
without assignable bounds 66
4. Capital is the result of saving 68 I 1. Advantages of the large system of production in manu-
5. All capital is consurned 70 factures 132
6. Capital is kept up, not by preservation, but by per- 9. Advantages and disadvantages of the joint-stock
petual reproduction 73 principle 137
7. Why conntries recover rapidly from a state of devastation 74 8, Conditions necessary for the large system of produc-
8. Effects of defraying governrnent expenditure by Ioans . 76 tion 142
9. Demand for commodities is not demand for labour . . 79 4. Large and small farming compared 144
10. Fallacy respecting Taxation 88

CRAPTER X. Of the Law of the Increase of Labour
CHAPTER VI. Of Circulating and Fixed Capital

§ L Fixed and Circulating Capital, what 91 0 I. The law of the increase of production depends on those
2. Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circu- of threc elements, Labour, Capital, and Land . . 155
lating, might be detrimental to the labourers . . . 93 9, The Law of Population 156
3. - but this seldom if ever occurs 97 N. Ily what checks the increase of population is practically
limited 158

CHAPTER XI. Of the Law of the Increase of Capital
CHAPTER II. The same subject continued

§ 1. Means and motives to saving, on what dependent . . 163 1. The institution of property implies freedom of acquisition

2. Causes of diversity in the effective strength of the desire by contract 218

of accumulation 165 2. — the validity of prescription 220

3. Examples of deficiency in the strength of this desire 167 8. — the power of bequest, but not the right of inheritance

4. Exemplification of its exe,ess 173 Question of inheritance examined 221

4. Should the right of bequest be limited, and how ? . . 226

5. Orounds of property in land, dillerent from those of pro-
CHAPTER XII. Of the Law of the Increase of ProducUon from perty in moveables 229

Luind 6. — only valid on certain conditions, which are not always
realized. The limitations considered 231
§ 1. The limited quantity and limited productiveness of land, 7. Rights of property in abuses 235

the real limits to production 176

2. The law of production from the soil, a law of dirninishing
return in proportion to the increased application of (,usi)Tint III. Of the Classes among whom the Produce is

labour and capital 176 distributecl

3. Antagonist principle to the law of diminishing return ;
I L The produce sometimes shared among three classes . 238
the progress of improvements in production . . . 181
2. — sometimes belongs undividedly to one 238

3. — sometimes divided between two 240

CHAPTER XIII. Consequences of the foregoing 1.41,08

CHAPTER IV. 01 Competition and Custom •
§. 1. Remedies when the limit to production is the wealniess

of the principle .of accumulation 189 1. Competition not the sole regulator of the division of the

2. Necessity of restraining population not confined to a state produce 242

of inequality of property 190 2. Influence of custom on rents, and on the tenure of land . 243

3. — nor superseded by free trade in food 193 8. Influence of custom on prices 245

4. in general by emigration 197

CHAPTER V. Of Slavery

I. Slavery considered in relation to the slaves . . . . 249

2. in relation to production 250
3. Enxancipation considered in relation to the interest of the
slave-owners 253

CHAPTER VI. Of Peasant Proprietors
CrapTER I. Of Property

# I. Difference between English and Continental opinions
§ 1. Introductory remarks 199 respecting peasant properties ...... . . 256

2. Statement of the question 201 Evidence respecüng peasant properties in Switzerland . 258

3. Examination of Comrnunism 204 — in Norway 263

4. of St. Simoniam and Fourierism 211 4. in Germany 266

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