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The History of Black Africa Volume 2.

The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Sík Endre - Régikönyvek
The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek The History of Black Africa Volume 2. - Régikönyvek
(0 vélemény)
Fordítók:
Simon Sándor
Kiadó:
Akadémiai Kiadó
Kiadás éve:
1966
Kiadás helye:
Budapest
Nyomda:
Akadémiai Nyomda
Kötés típusa:
egészvászon kiadói borítóban
Terjedelem:
323
Nyelv:
angol
Méret:
Szélesség: 17.00cm, Magasság: 25.00cm
Kategória:
PART FIVE

BLACK AFRICA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
(1900-1918)

(From the Partition of Africa till the End of World War I)

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION 13
Political division of Africa at the beginning of the 20th century. — Organization of
colonial exploitation. Three tacties of the imperialista in the African colonies. —
"Direct" and "indirect" rnle. — Colonies and protoctorates. — Practical significance
of the protectorate regime. — Economic development of African colonies at the be-
ginning of the 20th century and their role in world economy and in the economy
of the metropolitan countries. — Main r e s u l t s o f the imperialiet
regime in the African colonies prior to World W a r I.
Economic results for the imperialista. — Socio-economic development of African
pcoples. Unfolding of struggles of African peoples against the imperialist occu-
pants. — The struggle of the imperialista for the repartition of Africa.— Character of
the liberation movements of African peoples in the carly 20th century. — Charac-
ter of the struggle of the imperialists for the repartition of Africa in the early 20th
century. — Bleck Africa in World War I. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER II
BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA 33
Establishment of the Union of South Africa. — The South African "Dominion".
— The Botha ministry. — The Boer nationalist split. — The "Native Problem"
in the Union of South Africa and the origin of the African national movement. —
The Indian question. — Origin and the first steps of the labour movement. — The
Union of South Africa in World War I. — The South African Protectorates. — The
"affair" of the British South Africa Company. — Nyasaland. The Chilembwe
revolt. — Bibliography.
CHAPTER III
BRITISH EAST AFRICA 53
The British colonial regime in East Africa. — The liberation movement prior to World
War I. — British East Africa in World War I. — Tightening imperialist hold over
the British East Africa, Protectorate. The Situation % n Ugand a.
Daudi Chwa. — The Dialaki movement. — The Young Buganda movement. —
Zanzibar in the war years. — The Eastern Sudan and British Somaliland. —
Bibliography.


CHAPTER IV
BRITISII WEST AFRICA 62
British colonial rule in West Africa. — Liberation struggles of the peoples of Brit-
ish West Africa in the early 20th century. — British West Africa in the years of
World War I. — Nigeria in the years of the World War. — Tax and land policy. —
Liberation movements in. Nigeria in tho war years. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER V
THE FRENCH COLONIES 71
The colonial empire of France in Africa. — "Paeification" of the Freuoh colonies
and further expansion. — France's African troops. — African troops in World War
I. — Maas movements in the war years. — Changes in the regime of the West
African colonies of France. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER VI
THE GERMAN COLONIES 79
The regime of German imperialism in the African colonies. — Econotnic develop-
ment of the German colonies. — Liberation struggle of the peoples ot the German
colonies. — Conquest and partition of the German colonies by the Entente pow-
ers. Bibliography.

CHAPTER VII
THE BELGIAN CONGO 86
The Leopoldian regime in tho Congo M the early 20th century. — World scandal
about the Congo. — Transformation of the Congo into a Belgian colony. -- The
policy and regime of the Belgian administration. Beginning of the economic
transformation of the Congo. — Bibliography.

CRAMER VIII
THE PORT UGUESE AND SPANISH COLONIES 92
Bibliography.
CHAPTER IX
ETHIOPIA 94
Menelik's foreign policy and the power struggle in Ethiopia in the early 20th
century. — Removal of Monelik from power. — Internal political strifes in
Ethiopia in tho prewar years. — Civil war in Ethiopia during World War I.
Coalition of Old and Young Ethiopians in power. Plots of Yasu and intrigues of
Italy. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER X
LIBERIA 97
Bibliography.

PART SIX

BLACK AFRICA BETWEEN THE TWO WORLD WARS (1918-1939)

CHAPTER I
INTROD UCTION 101
Black Africa after the Peace of Versailles. — Growing importance of the African
colonies for the imperialist powers during the general orisis of eapitalism in the
postwar years. — Changing aspocts of the economies of the African colonies and


their economic significance after World War I. — Imperialist mastoring of the
African colonies. — The strategic importance of Africa after World War I. —
Imperialist regime in the African colonies after World
W a r 1. Land policy. — Tax policy. — Revival of the system of foreed labour.
— Intensification of national oppression and of political disfraachisement. —
Socio-economic development 01 the African peoples af -
ter the war. Destruction of the economy and ruination of the masses. — The
effect of the world economic crisis of 1929 ---33 upon the African colonies. — Char-
acter of the liberation. movements. — Internal strifes 01 the colon-
izere in the African colonies after World War L The strug-
gle for the repartition of Africa after World Wk.u. 1. — E o u r m. a i n tincs of
antagonism between the imperialist powera after World
War I. German intrigues. — Italian intrigues. — Penetratiou ot American
capital. — Japanese infiltration. — Anglo-Freneh antagonisms. — Preparations
for World War II in the African colonies. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER II
THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA 143
Tho Union of South Africa after World War I. — The Smuts government and the,
Nationalist Party. — Upturn in the mass movements. — The Rand strikc. — Coa-
lition of the Nationalist Party and the Labour Party. Pall of tho Smuts govern-
ment. — The Nationalists in power. — Mass movements in the years ot stabiliza-
tion. — The economic crisis in the Union of South Africa. — The Hcrtzog regime
during the crisis. — The situation of the labouring masses in the Union of South
Africa in the years of the crisis. — The mass movements in thc erisis years. — Coa-
lition and merger of the Nationalist and the South African Party. — The regime of
the United Party in the years of the depression. — Struggle for a united anti-im-
perialist front and for the unity of the labour movement. — War preparations in
South Africa. — Poli•ical ehanges on the eve of World War II. — Bibliography.

CHÁPTER III
THE BRITISH SOUTH AFRICAN COLONIES 175
1. Southwest Africa. The regime of the Union government. The Bondel-
swar•s rising. — Southwest Africa in the years of stabilization. Uprising in Reho-
both. — The erisis in Southwest Africa. The Ovambo Uprising. — Intrigues of
German faseists. — 2. The Protectorates. Tho Proteetorates in the crisis
years. — The struggle around the Proteetorates. — The Tshekedi Khama incident.
— 3. Southern Rhodesia. Liquidation of the British South Africa Com-
pany. Introduction of "self-government". — Southern Rhodesia in the years of
stabilization. — The crisis in Southern Rhodesia. — Southern Rhodesia in the
years of the depression and preparations for World War II. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER IV
BRITISH EAST AFRICA 193
1. Kenya. The British East Africa Protectorate after the war and its transfer-
ma,tion into a "Crown colony". The Revolt of Thuku. — Kenya in the years of stabi-
lization. Tho "settler's struggle". The reserves. — The world crisis in Kenya.
Wrangling over the question of federation. Mass movements in 1929 —31. — Dis-
covery of gold on the Kavirondo. Continued land robbery and the compromise of
thc government with the settlers. — Kenya on the eve of World War II. — 2.
Uganda. The postwar developmont ot the colony and thc policy of the govern-
ment. Tho situation of tho peasantry after World War I. — Uganda in the years of
stabilization. Economic aud political pressure. — Beginning of the cotton crisis. —
The situation of the peasantry in the crisis yoars. Mass movements. — Mass move-
ments following the erisis. Uganda on the eve of World War U. — 3. Tanga-
nyika. The British mandate regima in Tanganyika. — The turn in the years
1923 to 1925. Tanganyika in the years of stabilization. — The erisis in Tanganyika.


situation in Ethiopia in 1932-33. — The Italian provocation. — The Italo-Ethio-
pian war of 1935-36. — The Italo-Etliiopian war and the attitude of other na-
tions. — Ethiopia undor Italian fascist occupation. — The cultural and national
progress of the peoples of Ethiopia. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER XI
LIBERIA '311
Liberia after World War T. President King's policy. — Liberia and the Garvey
movoment. — The Firestone concession and the final subjugation of Liberia. —
Power struggle around Liberia. -- The cultural and national development of Liba-
- Bibliography.

CONCLUSION 319
Results of half a century of imperialist "control" of the African colonies. Aims
of the fights of the African peoples.


The scttlers' movoment and tho African mass movements. — Tanganyika in the
years of depression. — Tanganyika on the eve of World War II. — 4. Zanzibar.
5. Northern Rhodesia. The passing over of Northern Rhodesia to the
Brit isit government. The situation of the masses. — "Industrialization" iu Northern
Rhodesia. — The crisis in Northern Rhodesia. — Northern Rhodesia in the years
ot depression. 1V1ass movements. -- Northern Rhodesia in the years of war prepa-
rations. — 6. Nyasa.land. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER V
BRITISH WEST AFRICA 231
British West Africa after World War I. The economic situation of tho colonies and
the policy of the British goverument. — First steps of the labour, peasant and
national movements. — British West Africa in the years of stabilization. — The
economic crisis in British West. Africa. — The situation of the masses in the crisis
years. Upsurge of tho inasa movements in the crisis years. (A) Anti-imperialist
movement in Nigeria. (13) The Hidara uprising in Sierra Leone. (C) The cocon -
growers' boycott and the upswing of the anti-imperialist movement on the Gold
Coast. (D) The labour movement. — British West Africa in the years ot depression.
— Military preparations in British West Africa and a new upsurge of the mass
movements (1937 —39). — Bibliography.

CHAPTER VI
THE ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN 247
Bibliography.

CHÁPTER VII
THE FRENCH COLONIES 253
The colonial policies of France in Africa after World War T. — The French colonial
troops. — The colonial regime of France in West Africa. — The French type of "iu-
direet rule". — The liberation movement of tho peoples of French West Africa after
World War L — A new attack of French capital and the economic crisis. — Anti-im-
perialist actions in the years of the crisis. — French Equatorial Africa after the
war. The Congo-Ocean railway. — The 1928 revolt. — The crisis in French Equa-
torial Africa. — The mandated territories. — The French Colonies after the crisis.
War preparations. — Bibliography.

CHAPTER VIII
THE BELGIAN CONGO . 272

The Congo after the war. The Kimbangu movoment. — The Congo in tho years of
stabilization. The poriod of enterprising. — The crisis in the Congo. — The prolo-
tariat and the labour movement. — Uprisings in the years 1931 to 1936. — The
Congo ou the eve ot World War 11. — Ruanda-Urundiunder the mandate regime. —
Bibliography.

CHAPTER IX
THE PORTUGUESE COLONIES 289

The Situation in Angola. — Anti-imperialist actions in Angola. — Bibliography

CHAPTER X
ETHIOPIA 296
Ethiopia after World War I. — Attempts to divido Ethiopia. The foreign policy of
Tafari. — Consolidation of tho rule of Tafari. The Balcha revolt. — The treaty
with Italy. — The foreign poliev of Tafari in 1929 —30. — The Gugsa revolt. — The
reforms of the Negus Haile Selassie. — Reactionary uprisings in 1932 —33. — The


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